Selected Article

Title

性別、職業類別對組織中自尊的影響:以性別角色為調節因子

The impact of sex, and occupation on organization-based self-esteem: gender role as a moderator

Creator

林季慧

Description

[[abstract]]自尊是人格特質重要的一部份,其與生活各層面,如工作、生活品質、適應性等有相當的關連性;回顧過去自尊相關文獻,性別因素與自尊間關係,除了外在性別之外,性別角色亦是影響因素之一;而過去大多的研究都著重於一般自尊的探討,對於特定自尊方面的研究則較少,本研究根據Pierce 等人(1989, 1993, 1998)的建議採用組織中自尊(organization-based self-esteem, OBSE)為衡量變數,探討性別、性別角色與職業類別三者對組織中自尊的影響。 本研究以男性職業(包括警察、軍人)、女性職業(包括護士、國小教師)、中性職業(一般事務人員)各發放240份問卷,總共回收有效問卷樣本數571份,分別測量自尊、組織中自尊與性別角色三大部分。結果顯示性別角色是影響組織中自尊的重要因素,其中剛柔並濟者組織中自尊最高,其次為陽剛特質、陰柔特質者,未顯著型組織中自尊程度最低。然而有關性別、性別角色、職業類別交互效果,對組織中自尊之間的關係,則未呈現顯著影響。最後,本研究針對研究結果加以分析、探討,說明其可能因素,並提供建議予實務界與後續研究人員。 關鍵字:組織中自尊、性別、性別角色、職業類別

[[abstract]]In the field of organization behavior, self-esteem has been one of the most researched personality variables. It pertains to the study of goal setting, performance feedback, work behavior and other variables. Recently, organization-based self-esteem (OBSE), a specific self-esteem, proposed by Pierce and colleges (1989) has been introduced into the field of organization behavior. Studies have shown that individuals with high OBSE perceive themselves as an important, effective, and worthwhile member within their employing organization, compared to the ones with low OBSE. This study aimed to examine the impact of sex, gender role, and gender-dominated occupation on OBSE. 571 subjects from three types of occupations participated in the study. Compared with past studies, the major finding is that gender role affects OBSE than sex. The results also show that the interaction among sex, occupation, gender role didn’t reach significant level with regard to OBSE. Further implications and possible application were also discussed. Keywords: Organizational-based self-esteem, sex, gender role, occupation

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