[[alternative]]The effects of print referencing for preschool children with language delay
[[abstract]]The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of print referencing in improving print awareness skill for preschooler with language delay. Print awareness is an important skill for emerge literacy development, reflecting young children’s comprehension about print awareness. There were two major skills in print awareness, including book concepts and print knowledge. Book concepts refers to children’s concepts about print’s forms, functions and features of the books. In addition, it also includes children’s understanding of the basic structure of books. Print knowledge on the other hand, describes children’s sensitivity of words and the relationship between spoken and written words. Print referencing is a useful strategy that can facilitate young children’s print awareness skills by using verbal and nonverbal cues. Twenty-one preschool children aged 4 to 6 with language delay from Nantou, Taiwan, were recruited in this study. Eight therapy sessions were provided. Each therapy session last for 30 minutes and scheduled one time per week. Print awareness data were collected during pre-test and post-tests, data were analyzed to compare children’s book concepts and print knowledge. Results shows significant differences between book concepts and print knowledge (p<.01). Moreover at the forth therapy session, children’s print awareness skills, including both book concepts and print knowledge reached 80% accuracy, demonstrating print referencing could improve via therapy session , during a short time.