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Murray, Christopher J. L.;Vos, Theo;Lozano, Rafael;Naghavi, Mohsen;Flaxman, Abraham D.;Michaud, Catherine;Ezzati, Majid;Shibuya, Kenji;Salomon, Joshua A.;Aboyans, Victor;Abraham, Jerry;Aggarwal, Rakesh;Ahn, Stephanie Y.;Alvarado, Miriam;Anderson, H. Ross;Anderson, Laurie M.;Andrews, Kathryn G.;Atkinson, Charles;Baddour, Larry M.;Barker-Collo, Suzanne;Barrero, Lope H.;Bartels, David H.;Baxter, Amanda;Bell, Michelle L.;Bennett, Derrick;Bernabe, Eduardo;Bhalla, Kavi;Bikbov, Boris;Bin Abdulhak, Aref;Birbeck, Gretchen;Black, James A.;Blencowe, Hannah;Blore, Jed D.;Bolliger, Ian;Bonaventure, Audrey;Bourne, Rupert;Braithwaite, Tasanee;Brayne, Carol;Brooker, Simon;Brugha, Traolach S.;Bryan-Hancock, Claire;Buchbinder, Rachelle;Buckle, Geoffrey;Budke, Christine M.;Burch, Michael;Burstein, Roy;Calabria, Bianca;Campbell, Benjamin;Canter, Charles E.;Carabin, Helene;Carapetis, Jonathan;Carmona, Loreto;Cella, Claudia;Charlson, Fiona;Chen, Honglei;Cheng, Andrew Tai-Ann;Chou, David;Colan, Steven D.;Colquhoun, Samantha;Colson, K. Ellicott;Condon, John;Connor, Myles D.;Cooper, Leslie T.;Corriere, Matthew;Cortinovis, Monica;De Vaccaro, Karen Courville;Cowie, Benjamin C.;Criqui, Michael H.;Dahiya, Manu;Dahodwala, Nabila;Damsere-Derry, James;Danaei, Goodarz;Davis, Adrian;Degenhardt, Louisa;Dellavalle, Robert;Delossantos, Allyne;Denenberg, Julie;Derrett, Sarah;Des Jarlais, Don C.;Dharmaratne, Samath D.;Dherani, Mukesh;Diaz-Torne, Cesar;Dolk, Helen;Driscoll, Tim;Edmond, Karen;Elbaz, Alexis;Ali, Suad Eltahir;Erskine, Holly;Erwin, Patricia J.;Espindola, Patricia;Ewoigbokhan, Stalin E.;Feigin, Valery;Felson, David T.;Ferrari, Alize;Fevre, Eric M.;Finucane, Mariel M.;Flaxman, Seth;Flood, Louise;Forouzanfar, Mohammad H.;Fowkes, Francis Gerry R.;Fransen, Marlene;Freeman, Michael K.;Gabbe, Belinda J.;Gabriel, Sherine E.;Gakidou, Emmanuela;Gaspari, Flavio;Gillum, Richard F.;Gmel, Gerhard;Gonzalez-Medina, Diego;Grainger, Rebecca;Groeger, Justina;Guillemin, Francis;Gunnell, David;Gupta, Ramyani;Hagan, Holly;Halasa, Yara A.;Haring, Diana;Maria Haro, Josep;Harrison, James E.;Havmoeller, Rasmus;Hay, Roderick J.;Higashi, Hideki;Hill, Catherine;Hoen, Bruno;Hoffman, Howard;Hotez, Peter J.;Huang, John J.;Ibeanusi, Sydney E.;Jacobsen, Kathryn H.;James, Spencer L.;Jasrasaria, Rashmi;Jayaraman, Sudha;Johns, Nicole;Jonas, Jost B.;Karthikeyan, Ganesan;Kassebaum, Nicholas;Keren, Andre;Khoo, Jon-Paul;King, Charles H.;Knowlton, Lisa Marie;Kobusingye, Olive;Koranteng, Adofo;Laden, Francine;Lalloo, Ratilal;Laslett, Laura L.;Lathlean, Tim;Leasher, Janet L.;Lee, Yong Yi;Leigh, James;Levinson, Daphna;Lim, Stephen S.;Limb, Elizabeth;Lin, John Kent;Lipshultz, Steven E.;Liu, Wei;Loane, Maria;Ohno, Summer Lockett;Lyons, Ronan;Mabweijano, Jacqueline;MacIntyre, Michael F.;Malekzadeh, Reza;Mallinger, Leslie;Manivannan, Sivabalan;March, Lyn;Margolis, David J.;Matsumori, Akira;Matzopoulos, Richard;McAnulty, John H.;McDermott, Mary M.;McGrath, John;Elena Medina-Mora, Maria;Meltzer, Michele;Mensah, George A.;Merriman, Tony R.;Miglioli, Valeria;Miller, Matthew;Miller, Ted R.;Mocumbi, Ana Olga;Moffitt, Terrie E.;Mokdad, Ali A.;Monasta, Lorenzo;Montico, Marcella;Morawska, Lidia;Mori, Rintaro;Murdoch, Michele E.;Mwaniki, Michael K.;Naidoo, Kovin;Nair, M. Nathan;Naldi, Luigi;Nelson, Paul K.;Nelson, Robert G.;Nevitt, Michael C.;Nolte, Sandra;Norman, Rosana;O'Donnell, Martin;Omer, Saad B.;Ortblad, Katrina;Osborne, Richard;Ozgediz, Doruk;Page, Andrew;Pahari, Bishnu;Pandian, Jeyaraj Durai;Panozo Rivero, Andrea;Patten, Scott B.;Pearce, Neil;Perez Padilla, Rogelio;Perez-Ruiz, Fernando;Perico, Norberto;Pesudovs, Konrad;Phillips, David;Phillips, Michael R.;Pierce, Kelsey;Polanczyk, Guilherme V.;Polinder, Suzanne;Pope, C. Arden;Popova, Svetlana;Porrini, Esteban;Pourmalek, Farshad;Prince, Martin;Pullan, Rachel L.;Ramaiah, Kapa D.;Ranganathan, Dharani;Razavi, Homie;Regan, Mathilda;Rehm, Juergen T.;Rein, David B.;Remuzzi, Guiseppe;Richardson, Kathryn;Roberts, Thomas;Rodriguez De Leon, Felipe;Ronfani, Luca;Room, Robin;Rosenfeld, Lisa C.;Sacco, Ralph L.;Saha, Sukanta;Sampson, Uchechukwu;Sanchez-Riera, Lidia;Sanman, Ella;Schwebel, David C.;Scott, James Graham;Segui-Gomez, Maria;Shahraz, Saeid;Shepard, Donald S.;Shin, Hwashin;Singh, David;Singh, Gitanjali M.;Singh, Jasvinder A.;Singleton, Jessica;Sleet, David A.;Sliwa, Karen;Smith, Emma;Smith, Jennifer L.;Steer, Andrew;Stovner, Lars Jacob;Sudfeld, Christopher;Syed, Sana;Tamburlini, Giorgio;Tavakkoli, Mohammad;Taylor, Jennifer A.;Taylor, William J.;Thomson, W. Murray;Thurston, George D.;Tleyjeh, Imad M.;Tonelli, Marcello;Towbin, Jeff Rey A.;Truelsen, Thomas;Tsilimbaris, Miltiadis K.;Ubeda, Clotilde;Undurraga, Eduardo A.;van der Werf, Marieke J.;van Os, Jim;Venketasubramanian, N.;Wang, Mengru;Wang, Wenzhi;Watt, Kerrianne;Weinstock, Martin A.;Weintraub, Robert;Weisskopf, Marc G.;Weissman, Myrna M.;White, Richard A.;Whiteford, Harvey;Wilkinson, James D.;Williams, Hywel C.;Williams, Sean R. M.;Wolfe, Frederick;Woolf, Anthony D.;Wulf, Sarah;Yeh, Pon-Hsiu;Zaidi, Anita K. M.;Zheng, Zhi-Jie;Zonies, David;Lopez, Alan D.
Background Measuring disease and injury burden in populations requires a composite metric that captures both premature mortality and the prevalence and severity of ill-health. The 1990 Global Burden of Disease study proposed disability-adjusted life ...
Vos, Theo;Flaxman, Abraham D.;Naghavi, Mohsen;Lozano, Rafael;Michaud, Catherine;Ezzati, Majid;Shibuya, Kenji;Salomon, Joshua A.;Abdalla, Safa;Aboyans, Victor;Abraham, Jerry;Ackerman, Ilana;Aggarwal, Rakesh;Ahn, Stephanie Y.;Ali, Mohammed K.;Alvardo, Miriam;Anderson, H. Ross;Anderson, Laurie M.;Andrews, Kathryn G.;Atkinson, Charles;Baddour, Larry M.;Bahalim, Adil N.;Barker-Collo, Suzanne;Barrero, Lope H.;Bartels, David H.;Basáñez, Maria-Gloria;Baxter, Amanda;Bell, Michelle L.;Benjamin, Emelia J.;Bennett, Derrick;Bernabé, Eduardo;Bhalla, Kavi;Bhandari, Bishal;Bikbov, Boris;Bin Abdulhak, Aref;Birbeck, Gretchen;Black, James A.;Blencowe, Hannah;Blore, Jed D.;Blyth, Fiona;Bolliger, Ian;Bonaventure, Audrey;Boufous, Soufiane;Bourne, Rupert;Boussinesq, Michel;Braithwaite, Tasanee;Brayne, Carol;Bridgett, Lisa;Brooker, Simon;Brooks, Peter;Brugha, Traolach S.;Bryan-Hancock, Claire;Bucello, Chiara;Buchbinder, Rachelle;Buckle, Geoffrey;Budke, Christine M.;Burch, Michael;Burney, Peter;Burstein, Roy;Calabria, Bianca;Campbell, Benjamin;Canter, Charles E.;Carabin, Hélène;Carapetis, Jonathan;Carmona, Loreto;Cella, Claudia;Charlson, Fiona;Chen, Honglei;Cheng, Andrew Tai-Ann;Chou, David;Chugh, Sumeet S.;Coffeng, Luc E.;Colan, Steven D.;Colquhoun, Samantha;Colson, K. Ellicott;Condon, John;Connor, Myles D.;Cooper, Leslie T.;Corriere, Matthew;Cortinovis, Monica;de Vaccaro, Karen Courville;Couser, William;Cowie, Benjamin C.;Criqui, Michael H.;Cross, Marita;Dabhadkar, Kaustubh C.;Dahiya, Manu;Dahodwala, Nabila;Damsere-Derry, James;Danaei, Goodarz;Davis, Adrian;De Leo, Diego;Degenhardt, Louisa;Dellavalle, Robert;Delossantos, Allyne;Denenberg, Julie;Derrett, Sarah;Des Jarlais, Don C.;Dharmaratne, Samath D.;Dherani, Mukesh;Diaz-Torne, Cesar;Dolk, Helen;Dorsey, E. Ray;Driscoll, Tim;Duber, Herbert;Ebel, Beth;Edmond, Karen;Elbaz, Alexis;Eltahir Ali, Suad;Erskine, Holly;Erwin, Patricia J.;Espindola, Patricia;Ewoigbokhan, Stalin E.;Farzadfar, Farshad;Feigin, Valery;Felson, David T.;Ferrari, Alize;Ferri, Cleusa P.;Fèvre, Eric M.;Finucane, Mariel M.;Flaxman, Seth;Flood, Louise;Foreman, Kyle;Forouzanfar, Mohammad H.;Fowkes, Francis Gerry R.;Franklin, Richard;Fransen, Marlene;Freeman, Michael K.;Gabbe, Belinda J.;Gabriel, Sherine E.;Gakidou, Emmanuela;Ganatra, Hammad A.;Garcia, Bianca;Gaspari, Flavio;Gillum, Richard F.;Gmel, Gerhard;Gosselin, Richard;Grainger, Rebecca;Groeger, Justina;Guillemin, Francis;Gunnell, David;Gupta, Ramyani;Haagsma, Juanita;Hagan, Holly;Halasa, Yara A.;Hall, Wayne;Haring, Diana;Haro, Josep Maria;Harrison, James E.;Havmoeller, Rasmus;Hay, Roderick J.;Higashi, Hideki;Hill, Catherine;Hoen, Bruno;Hoffman, Howard;Hotez, Peter J.;Hoy, Damian;Huang, John J.;Ibeanusi, Sydney E.;Jacobsen, Kathryn H.;James, Spencer L.;Jarvis, Deborah;Jasrasaria, Rashmi;Jayaraman, Sudha;Johns, Nicole;Jonas, Jost B.;Karthikeyan, Ganesan;Kassebaum, Nicholas;Kawakami, Norito;Keren, Andre;Khoo, Jon-Paul;King, Charles H.;Knowlton, Lisa Marie;Kobusingye, Olive;Koranteng, Adofo;Krishnamurthi, Rita;Lalloo, Ratilal;Laslett, Laura L.;Lathlean, Tim;Leasher, Janet L.;Lee, Yong Yi;Leigh, James;Lim, Stephen S.;Limb, Elizabeth;Lin, John Kent;Lipnick, Michael;Lipshultz, Steven E.;Liu, Wei;Loane, Maria;Ohno, Summer Lockett;Lyons, Ronan;Ma, Jixiang;Mabweijano, Jacqueline;Macintyre, Michael F.;Malekzadeh, Reza;Mallinger, Leslie;Manivannan, Sivabalan;Marcenes, Wagner;March, Lyn;Margolis, David J.;Marks, Guy B.;Marks, Robin;Matsumori, Akira;Matzopoulos, Richard;Mayosi, Bongani M.;McAnulty, John H;Mcdermott, Mary;McGill, Neil;McGrath, John;Medina-Mora, Maria Elena;Meltzer, Michele;Mensah, George A.;Merriman, Tony R.;Meyer, Ana-Claire;Miglioli, Valeria;Miller, Matthew;Miller, Ted R.;Mitchell, Philip B.;Mocumbi, Ana Olga;Moffitt, Terrie E.;Mokdad, Ali A.;Monasta, Lorenzo;Montico, Marcella;Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar;Moran, Andrew;Morawska, Lidia;Mori, Rintaro;Murdoch, Michele E.;Mwaniki, Michael K.;Naidoo, Kovin;Nair, M Nathan;Naldi, Luigi;Narayan, K.M. Venkat;Nelson, Paul K.;Nelson, Robert G.;Nevitt, Michael C.;Newton, Charles R.;Nolte, Sandra;Norman, Paul;Norman, Rosana;O'Donnell, Martin;O'Hanlon, Simon;Olives, Casey;Omer, Saad B.;Ortblad, Katrina;Osborne, Richard;Ozgediz, Doruk;Page, Andrew;Pahari, Bishnu;Pandian, Jeyaraj Durai;Rivero, Andrea Panozo;Patten, Scott B.;Pearce, Neil;Perez Padilla, Rogelio;Perez-Ruiz, Fernando;Perico, Norberto;Pesudovs, Konrad;Phillips, David;Phillips, Michael R.;Pierce, Kelsey;Pion, Sébastien;Polanczyk, Guilherme V.;Polinder, Suzanne;Pope, C. Arden;Popova, Svetlana;Porrini, Esteban;Pourmalek, Farshad;Prince, Martin;Pullan, Rachel L.;Ramaiah, Kapa D.;Ranganathan, Dharani;Razavi, Homie;Regan, Mathilda;Rehm, Jürgen T.;Rein, David B.;Remuzzi, Guiseppe;Richardson, Kathryn;Rivara, Frederick P.;Roberts, Thomas;Robinson, Carolyn;Rodriguez De Leòn, Felipe;Ronfani, Luca;Room, Robin;Rosenfeld, Lisa C.;Rushton, Lesley;Sacco, Ralph L.;Saha, Sukanta;Sampson, Uchechukwu;Sanchez-Riera, Lidia;Sanman, Ella;Schwebel, David C.;Scott, James Graham;Segui-Gomez, Maria;Shahraz, Saeid;Shepard, Donald S.;Shin, Hwashin;Shivakoti, Rupak;Singh, David;Singh, Gitanjali M.;Singh, Jasvinder A.;Singleton, Jessica;Sleet, David A.;Sliwa, Karen;Smith, Emma;Smith, Jennifer L.;Stapelberg, Nicolas J.C.;Steer, Andrew;Steiner, Timothy;Stolk, Wilma A.;Stovner, Lars Jacob;Sudfeld, Christopher;Syed, Sana;Tamburlini, Giorgio;Tavakkoli, Mohammad;Taylor, Hugh R.;Taylor, Jennifer A.;Taylor, William L.;Thomas, Bernadette;Thomson, W. Murray;Thurston, George D.;Tleyjeh, Imad M.;Tonelli, Marcello;Towbin, Jeffrey A.;Truelsen, Thomas;Tsilimbaris, Miltiadis K.;Ubeda, Clotilde;Undurraga, Eduardo A.;van der Werf, Marieke J.;van Os, Jim;Vavilala, Monica S.;Venketasubramanian, N.;Wang, Mengru;Wang, Wenzhi;Watt, Kerrianne;Weatherall, David J.;Weinstock, Martin A.;Weintraub, Robert;Weisskopf, Marc G.;Weissman, Myrna M;White, Richard A.;Whiteford, Harvey;Wiersma, Steven T.;Wilkinson, James D.;Williams, Hywel C.;Williams, Sean R.M.;Witt, Emma;Wolfe, Frederick;Woolf, Anthony D.;Wulf, Sarah;Yeh, Pon-Hsiu;Zaidi, Anita K.M.;Zheng, Zhi-Jie;Zonies, David;Lopez, Alan D.;Murray, Christopher J.L.;AlMazroa, Mohammad A.;Memish, Ziad A.
Non-fatal health outcomes from diseases and injuries are a crucial consideration in the promotion and monitoring of individual and population health. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) studies done in 1990 and 2000 have been the only studies to quant...
Murray, Christopher J. L.;Vos, Theo;Lozano, Rafael;Naghavi, Mohsen;Flaxman, Abraham D.;Michaud, Catherine;Ezzati, Majid;Shibuya, Kenji;Salomon, Joshua A.;Aboyans, Victor;Abraham, Jerry;Aggarwal, Rakesh;Ahn, Stephanie Y.;Alvarado, Miriam;Anderson, H. Ross;Anderson, Laurie M.;Andrews, Kathryn G.;Atkinson, Charles;Baddour, Larry M.;Barker-Collo, Suzanne;Barrero, Lope H.;Bartels, David H.;Baxter, Amanda;Bell, Michelle L.;Bennett, Derrick;Bernabe, Eduardo;Bhalla, Kavi;Bikbov, Boris;Bin Abdulhak, Aref;Birbeck, Gretchen;Black, James A.;Blencowe, Hannah;Blore, Jed D.;Bolliger, Ian;Bonaventure, Audrey;Bourne, Rupert;Braithwaite, Tasanee;Brayne, Carol;Brooker, Simon;Brugha, Traolach S.;Bryan-Hancock, Claire;Buchbinder, Rachelle;Buckle, Geoffrey;Budke, Christine M.;Burch, Michael;Burstein, Roy;Calabria, Bianca;Campbell, Benjamin;Canter, Charles E.;Carabin, Helene;Carapetis, Jonathan;Carmona, Loreto;Cella, Claudia;Charlson, Fiona;Chen, Honglei;Cheng, Andrew Tai-Ann;Chou, David;Colan, Steven D.;Colquhoun, Samantha;Colson, K. Ellicott;Condon, John;Connor, Myles D.;Cooper, Leslie T.;Corriere, Matthew;Cortinovis, Monica;De Vaccaro, Karen Courville;Cowie, Benjamin C.;Criqui, Michael H.;Dahiya, Manu;Dahodwala, Nabila;Damsere-Derry, James;Danaei, Goodarz;Davis, Adrian;Degenhardt, Louisa;Dellavalle, Robert;Delossantos, Allyne;Denenberg, Julie;Derrett, Sarah;Des Jarlais, Don C.;Dharmaratne, Samath D.;Dherani, Mukesh;Diaz-Torne, Cesar;Dolk, Helen;Driscoll, Tim;Edmond, Karen;Elbaz, Alexis;Ali, Suad Eltahir;Erskine, Holly;Erwin, Patricia J.;Espindola, Patricia;Ewoigbokhan, Stalin E.;Feigin, Valery;Felson, David T.;Ferrari, Alize;Fevre, Eric M.;Finucane, Mariel M.;Flaxman, Seth;Flood, Louise;Forouzanfar, Mohammad H.;Fowkes, Francis Gerry R.;Fransen, Marlene;Freeman, Michael K.;Gabbe, Belinda J.;Gabriel, Sherine E.;Gakidou, Emmanuela;Gaspari, Flavio;Gillum, Richard F.;Gmel, Gerhard;Gonzalez-Medina, Diego;Grainger, Rebecca;Groeger, Justina;Guillemin, Francis;Gunnell, David;Gupta, Ramyani;Hagan, Holly;Halasa, Yara A.;Haring, Diana;Maria Haro, Josep;Harrison, James E.;Havmoeller, Rasmus;Hay, Roderick J.;Higashi, Hideki;Hill, Catherine;Hoen, Bruno;Hoffman, Howard;Hotez, Peter J.;Huang, John J.;Ibeanusi, Sydney E.;Jacobsen, Kathryn H.;James, Spencer L.;Jasrasaria, Rashmi;Jayaraman, Sudha;Johns, Nicole;Jonas, Jost B.;Karthikeyan, Ganesan;Kassebaum, Nicholas;Keren, Andre;Khoo, Jon-Paul;King, Charles H.;Knowlton, Lisa Marie;Kobusingye, Olive;Koranteng, Adofo;Laden, Francine;Lalloo, Ratilal;Laslett, Laura L.;Lathlean, Tim;Leasher, Janet L.;Lee, Yong Yi;Leigh, James;Levinson, Daphna;Lim, Stephen S.;Limb, Elizabeth;Lin, John Kent;Lipshultz, Steven E.;Liu, Wei;Loane, Maria;Ohno, Summer Lockett;Lyons, Ronan;Mabweijano, Jacqueline;MacIntyre, Michael F.;Malekzadeh, Reza;Mallinger, Leslie;Manivannan, Sivabalan;March, Lyn;Margolis, David J.;Matsumori, Akira;Matzopoulos, Richard;McAnulty, John H.;McDermott, Mary M.;McGrath, John;Elena Medina-Mora, Maria;Meltzer, Michele;Mensah, George A.;Merriman, Tony R.;Miglioli, Valeria;Miller, Matthew;Miller, Ted R.;Mocumbi, Ana Olga;Moffitt, Terrie E.;Mokdad, Ali A.;Monasta, Lorenzo;Montico, Marcella;Morawska, Lidia;Mori, Rintaro;Murdoch, Michele E.;Mwaniki, Michael K.;Naidoo, Kovin;Nair, M. Nathan;Naldi, Luigi;Nelson, Paul K.;Nelson, Robert G.;Nevitt, Michael C.;Nolte, Sandra;Norman, Rosana;O'Donnell, Martin;Omer, Saad B.;Ortblad, Katrina;Osborne, Richard;Ozgediz, Doruk;Page, Andrew;Pahari, Bishnu;Pandian, Jeyaraj Durai;Panozo Rivero, Andrea;Patten, Scott B.;Pearce, Neil;Perez Padilla, Rogelio;Perez-Ruiz, Fernando;Perico, Norberto;Pesudovs, Konrad;Phillips, David;Phillips, Michael R.;Pierce, Kelsey;Polanczyk, Guilherme V.;Polinder, Suzanne;Pope, C. Arden;Popova, Svetlana;Porrini, Esteban;Pourmalek, Farshad;Prince, Martin;Pullan, Rachel L.;Ramaiah, Kapa D.;Ranganathan, Dharani;Razavi, Homie;Regan, Mathilda;Rehm, Juergen T.;Rein, David B.;Remuzzi, Guiseppe;Richardson, Kathryn;Roberts, Thomas;Rodriguez De Leon, Felipe;Ronfani, Luca;Room, Robin;Rosenfeld, Lisa C.;Sacco, Ralph L.;Saha, Sukanta;Sampson, Uchechukwu;Sanchez-Riera, Lidia;Sanman, Ella;Schwebel, David C.;Scott, James Graham;Segui-Gomez, Maria;Shahraz, Saeid;Shepard, Donald S.;Shin, Hwashin;Singh, David;Singh, Gitanjali M.;Singh, Jasvinder A.;Singleton, Jessica;Sleet, David A.;Sliwa, Karen;Smith, Emma;Smith, Jennifer L.;Steer, Andrew;Stovner, Lars Jacob;Sudfeld, Christopher;Syed, Sana;Tamburlini, Giorgio;Tavakkoli, Mohammad;Taylor, Jennifer A.;Taylor, William J.;Thomson, W. Murray;Thurston, George D.;Tleyjeh, Imad M.;Tonelli, Marcello;Towbin, Jeff Rey A.;Truelsen, Thomas;Tsilimbaris, Miltiadis K.;Ubeda, Clotilde;Undurraga, Eduardo A.;van der Werf, Marieke J.;van Os, Jim;Venketasubramanian, N.;Wang, Mengru;Wang, Wenzhi;Watt, Kerrianne;Weinstock, Martin A.;Weintraub, Robert;Weisskopf, Marc G.;Weissman, Myrna M.;White, Richard A.;Whiteford, Harvey;Wilkinson, James D.;Williams, Hywel C.;Williams, Sean R. M.;Wolfe, Frederick;Woolf, Anthony D.;Wulf, Sarah;Yeh, Pon-Hsiu;Zaidi, Anita K. M.;Zheng, Zhi-Jie;Zonies, David;Lopez, Alan D.
Background Measuring disease and injury burden in populations requires a composite metric that captures both premature mortality and the prevalence and severity of ill-health. The 1990 Global Burden of Disease study proposed disability-adjusted life ...
Vos, Theo;Flaxman, Abraham D.;Naghavi, Mohsen;Lozano, Rafael;Michaud, Catherine;Ezzati, Majid;Shibuya, Kenji;Salomon, Joshua A.;Abdalla, Safa;Aboyans, Victor;Abraham, Jerry;Ackerman, Ilana;Aggarwal, Rakesh;Ahn, Stephanie Y.;Ali, Mohammed K.;Alvardo, Miriam;Anderson, H. Ross;Anderson, Laurie M.;Andrews, Kathryn G.;Atkinson, Charles;Baddour, Larry M.;Bahalim, Adil N.;Barker-Collo, Suzanne;Barrero, Lope H.;Bartels, David H.;Basáñez, Maria-Gloria;Baxter, Amanda;Bell, Michelle L.;Benjamin, Emelia J.;Bennett, Derrick;Bernabé, Eduardo;Bhalla, Kavi;Bhandari, Bishal;Bikbov, Boris;Bin Abdulhak, Aref;Birbeck, Gretchen;Black, James A.;Blencowe, Hannah;Blore, Jed D.;Blyth, Fiona;Bolliger, Ian;Bonaventure, Audrey;Boufous, Soufiane;Bourne, Rupert;Boussinesq, Michel;Braithwaite, Tasanee;Brayne, Carol;Bridgett, Lisa;Brooker, Simon;Brooks, Peter;Brugha, Traolach S.;Bryan-Hancock, Claire;Bucello, Chiara;Buchbinder, Rachelle;Buckle, Geoffrey;Budke, Christine M.;Burch, Michael;Burney, Peter;Burstein, Roy;Calabria, Bianca;Campbell, Benjamin;Canter, Charles E.;Carabin, Hélène;Carapetis, Jonathan;Carmona, Loreto;Cella, Claudia;Charlson, Fiona;Chen, Honglei;Cheng, Andrew Tai-Ann;Chou, David;Chugh, Sumeet S.;Coffeng, Luc E.;Colan, Steven D.;Colquhoun, Samantha;Colson, K. Ellicott;Condon, John;Connor, Myles D.;Cooper, Leslie T.;Corriere, Matthew;Cortinovis, Monica;de Vaccaro, Karen Courville;Couser, William;Cowie, Benjamin C.;Criqui, Michael H.;Cross, Marita;Dabhadkar, Kaustubh C.;Dahiya, Manu;Dahodwala, Nabila;Damsere-Derry, James;Danaei, Goodarz;Davis, Adrian;De Leo, Diego;Degenhardt, Louisa;Dellavalle, Robert;Delossantos, Allyne;Denenberg, Julie;Derrett, Sarah;Des Jarlais, Don C.;Dharmaratne, Samath D.;Dherani, Mukesh;Diaz-Torne, Cesar;Dolk, Helen;Dorsey, E. Ray;Driscoll, Tim;Duber, Herbert;Ebel, Beth;Edmond, Karen;Elbaz, Alexis;Eltahir Ali, Suad;Erskine, Holly;Erwin, Patricia J.;Espindola, Patricia;Ewoigbokhan, Stalin E.;Farzadfar, Farshad;Feigin, Valery;Felson, David T.;Ferrari, Alize;Ferri, Cleusa P.;Fèvre, Eric M.;Finucane, Mariel M.;Flaxman, Seth;Flood, Louise;Foreman, Kyle;Forouzanfar, Mohammad H.;Fowkes, Francis Gerry R.;Franklin, Richard;Fransen, Marlene;Freeman, Michael K.;Gabbe, Belinda J.;Gabriel, Sherine E.;Gakidou, Emmanuela;Ganatra, Hammad A.;Garcia, Bianca;Gaspari, Flavio;Gillum, Richard F.;Gmel, Gerhard;Gosselin, Richard;Grainger, Rebecca;Groeger, Justina;Guillemin, Francis;Gunnell, David;Gupta, Ramyani;Haagsma, Juanita;Hagan, Holly;Halasa, Yara A.;Hall, Wayne;Haring, Diana;Haro, Josep Maria;Harrison, James E.;Havmoeller, Rasmus;Hay, Roderick J.;Higashi, Hideki;Hill, Catherine;Hoen, Bruno;Hoffman, Howard;Hotez, Peter J.;Hoy, Damian;Huang, John J.;Ibeanusi, Sydney E.;Jacobsen, Kathryn H.;James, Spencer L.;Jarvis, Deborah;Jasrasaria, Rashmi;Jayaraman, Sudha;Johns, Nicole;Jonas, Jost B.;Karthikeyan, Ganesan;Kassebaum, Nicholas;Kawakami, Norito;Keren, Andre;Khoo, Jon-Paul;King, Charles H.;Knowlton, Lisa Marie;Kobusingye, Olive;Koranteng, Adofo;Krishnamurthi, Rita;Lalloo, Ratilal;Laslett, Laura L.;Lathlean, Tim;Leasher, Janet L.;Lee, Yong Yi;Leigh, James;Lim, Stephen S.;Limb, Elizabeth;Lin, John Kent;Lipnick, Michael;Lipshultz, Steven E.;Liu, Wei;Loane, Maria;Ohno, Summer Lockett;Lyons, Ronan;Ma, Jixiang;Mabweijano, Jacqueline;Macintyre, Michael F.;Malekzadeh, Reza;Mallinger, Leslie;Manivannan, Sivabalan;Marcenes, Wagner;March, Lyn;Margolis, David J.;Marks, Guy B.;Marks, Robin;Matsumori, Akira;Matzopoulos, Richard;Mayosi, Bongani M.;McAnulty, John H;Mcdermott, Mary;McGill, Neil;McGrath, John;Medina-Mora, Maria Elena;Meltzer, Michele;Mensah, George A.;Merriman, Tony R.;Meyer, Ana-Claire;Miglioli, Valeria;Miller, Matthew;Miller, Ted R.;Mitchell, Philip B.;Mocumbi, Ana Olga;Moffitt, Terrie E.;Mokdad, Ali A.;Monasta, Lorenzo;Montico, Marcella;Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar;Moran, Andrew;Morawska, Lidia;Mori, Rintaro;Murdoch, Michele E.;Mwaniki, Michael K.;Naidoo, Kovin;Nair, M Nathan;Naldi, Luigi;Narayan, K.M. Venkat;Nelson, Paul K.;Nelson, Robert G.;Nevitt, Michael C.;Newton, Charles R.;Nolte, Sandra;Norman, Paul;Norman, Rosana;O'Donnell, Martin;O'Hanlon, Simon;Olives, Casey;Omer, Saad B.;Ortblad, Katrina;Osborne, Richard;Ozgediz, Doruk;Page, Andrew;Pahari, Bishnu;Pandian, Jeyaraj Durai;Rivero, Andrea Panozo;Patten, Scott B.;Pearce, Neil;Perez Padilla, Rogelio;Perez-Ruiz, Fernando;Perico, Norberto;Pesudovs, Konrad;Phillips, David;Phillips, Michael R.;Pierce, Kelsey;Pion, Sébastien;Polanczyk, Guilherme V.;Polinder, Suzanne;Pope, C. Arden;Popova, Svetlana;Porrini, Esteban;Pourmalek, Farshad;Prince, Martin;Pullan, Rachel L.;Ramaiah, Kapa D.;Ranganathan, Dharani;Razavi, Homie;Regan, Mathilda;Rehm, Jürgen T.;Rein, David B.;Remuzzi, Guiseppe;Richardson, Kathryn;Rivara, Frederick P.;Roberts, Thomas;Robinson, Carolyn;Rodriguez De Leòn, Felipe;Ronfani, Luca;Room, Robin;Rosenfeld, Lisa C.;Rushton, Lesley;Sacco, Ralph L.;Saha, Sukanta;Sampson, Uchechukwu;Sanchez-Riera, Lidia;Sanman, Ella;Schwebel, David C.;Scott, James Graham;Segui-Gomez, Maria;Shahraz, Saeid;Shepard, Donald S.;Shin, Hwashin;Shivakoti, Rupak;Singh, David;Singh, Gitanjali M.;Singh, Jasvinder A.;Singleton, Jessica;Sleet, David A.;Sliwa, Karen;Smith, Emma;Smith, Jennifer L.;Stapelberg, Nicolas J.C.;Steer, Andrew;Steiner, Timothy;Stolk, Wilma A.;Stovner, Lars Jacob;Sudfeld, Christopher;Syed, Sana;Tamburlini, Giorgio;Tavakkoli, Mohammad;Taylor, Hugh R.;Taylor, Jennifer A.;Taylor, William L.;Thomas, Bernadette;Thomson, W. Murray;Thurston, George D.;Tleyjeh, Imad M.;Tonelli, Marcello;Towbin, Jeffrey A.;Truelsen, Thomas;Tsilimbaris, Miltiadis K.;Ubeda, Clotilde;Undurraga, Eduardo A.;van der Werf, Marieke J.;van Os, Jim;Vavilala, Monica S.;Venketasubramanian, N.;Wang, Mengru;Wang, Wenzhi;Watt, Kerrianne;Weatherall, David J.;Weinstock, Martin A.;Weintraub, Robert;Weisskopf, Marc G.;Weissman, Myrna M;White, Richard A.;Whiteford, Harvey;Wiersma, Steven T.;Wilkinson, James D.;Williams, Hywel C.;Williams, Sean R.M.;Witt, Emma;Wolfe, Frederick;Woolf, Anthony D.;Wulf, Sarah;Yeh, Pon-Hsiu;Zaidi, Anita K.M.;Zheng, Zhi-Jie;Zonies, David;Lopez, Alan D.;Murray, Christopher J.L.;AlMazroa, Mohammad A.;Memish, Ziad A.
Non-fatal health outcomes from diseases and injuries are a crucial consideration in the promotion and monitoring of individual and population health. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) studies done in 1990 and 2000 have been the only studies to quant...