ARTICLES
8,278 Article(s)
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 >>
Document(s)
Title
We have carried out two extremely deep surveys with SPIRE, one of the two cameras on Herschel, at 250 μm, close to the peak of the far-infrared background. We have used the results to investigate the evolution of the rest-frame 250-μm luminosity func...
Collaboration, P;Ade, PAR;Aghanim, N;Alves, MIR;Armitage-Caplan, C;Arnaud, M;Ashdown, M;Atrio-Barandela, F;Aumont, J;Aussel, H;Baccigalupi, C;Banday, AJ;Barreiro, RB;Barrena, R;Bartelmann, M;Bartlett, JG;Bartolo, N;Basak, S;Battaner, E;Battye, R;Benabed, K;Benoît, A;Benoit-Lévy, A;Bernard, JP;Bersanelli, M;Bertincourt, B;Bethermin, M;Bielewicz, P;Bikmaev, I;Blanchard, A;Bobin, J;Bock, JJ;Böhringer, H;Bonaldi, A;Bonavera, L;Bond, JR;Borrill, J;Bouchet, FR;Boulanger, F;Bourdin, H;Bowyer, JW;Bridges, M;Brown, ML;Bucher, M;Burenin, R;Burigana, C;Butler, RC;Calabrese, E;Cappellini, B;Cardoso, JF;Carr, R;Carvalho, P;Casale, M;Castex, G;Catalano, A;Challinor, A;Chamballu, A;Chary, RR;Chen, X;Chiang, HC;Chiang, LY;Chon, G;Christensen, PR;Churazov, E;Church, S;Clemens, M;Clements, DL;Colombi, S;Colombo, LPL;Combet, C;Comis, B;Couchot, F;Coulais, A;Crill, BP;Cruz, M;Curto, A;Cuttaia, F;Silva, AD;Dahle, H;Danese, L;Davies, RD;Davis, RJ;Bernardis, PD;Rosa, AD;Zotti, GD;Déchelette, T;Delabrouille, J;Delouis, JM;Démoclès, J;Désert, FX;Dick, J;Dickinson, C;Diego, JM;Dolag, K;Dole, H;Donzelli, S;Doré, O;Douspis, M;Ducout, A;Dunkley, J;Dupac, X;Efstathiou, G;Elsner, F;Enßlin, TA;Eriksen, HK;Fabre, O;Falgarone, E;Falvella, MC;Fantaye, Y;Fergusson, J;Filliard, C;Finelli, F;Flores-Cacho, I;Foley, S;Forni, O;Fosalba, P;Frailis, M;Fraisse, AA;Franceschi, E;Freschi, M;Fromenteau, S;Frommert, M;Gaier, TC;Galeotta, S;Gallegos, J;Galli, S;Gandolfo, B;Ganga, K;Gauthier, C;Génova-Santos, RT;Ghosh, T;Giard, M;Giardino, G;Gilfanov, M;Girard, D;Giraud-Héraud, Y;Gjerløw, E;González-Nuevo, J;Górski, KM;Gratton, S;Gregorio, A;Gruppuso, A;Gudmundsson, JE;Haissinski, J;Hamann, J;Hansen, FK;Hansen, M;Hanson, D;Harrison, DL;Heavens, A;Helou, G;Hempel, A;Henrot-Versillé, S;Hernández-Monteagudo, C;Herranz, D;Hildebrandt, SR;Hivon, E;Ho, S;Hobson, M;Holmes, WA;Hornstrup, A;Hou, Z;Hovest, W;Huey, G;Huffenberger, KM;Hurier, G;Ilić, S;Jaffe, AH;Jaffe, TR;Jasche, J;Jewell, J;Jones, WC;Juvela, M;Kalberla, P;Kangaslahti, P;Keihänen, E;Kerp, J;Keskitalo, R;Khamitov, I;Kiiveri, K;Kim, J;Kisner, TS;Kneissl, R;Knoche, J;Knox, L;Kunz, M;Kurki-Suonio, H;Lacasa, F;Lagache, G;Lähteenmäki, A;Lamarre, JM;Langer, M;Lasenby, A;Lattanzi, M;Laureijs, RJ;Lavabre, A;Lawrence, CR;Jeune, ML;Leach, S;Leahy, JP;Leonardi, R;León-Tavares, J;Leroy, C;Lesgourgues, J;Lewis, A;Li, C;Liddle, A;Liguori, M;Lilje, PB;Linden-Vørnle, M;Lindholm, V;López-Caniego, M;Lowe, S;Lubin, PM;Macías-Pérez, JF;MacTavish, CJ;Maffei, B;Maggio, G;Maino, D;Mandolesi, N;Mangilli, A;Marcos-Caballero, A;Marinucci, D;Maris, M;Marleau, F;Marshall, DJ;Martin, PG;Martínez-González, E;Masi, S;Massardi, M;Matarrese, S;Matsumura, T;Matthai, F;Maurin, L;Mazzotta, P;McDonald, A;McEwen, JD;McGehee, P;Mei, S;Meinhold, PR;Melchiorri, A;Melin, JB;Mendes, L;Menegoni, E;Mennella, A;Migliaccio, M;Mikkelsen, K;Millea, M;Miniscalco, R;Mitra, S;Miville-Deschênes, MA;Molinari, D;Moneti, A;Montier, L;Morgante, G;Morisset, N;Mortlock, D;Moss, A;Munshi, D;Murphy, JA;Naselsky, P;Nati, F;Natoli, P;Negrello, M;Nesvadba, NPH;Netterfield, CB;Nørgaard-Nielsen, HU;North, C;Noviello, F;Novikov, D;Novikov, I;O'Dwyer, IJ;Orieux, F;Osborne, S;O'Sullivan, C;Oxborrow, CA;Paci, F;Pagano, L;Pajot, F;Paladini, R;Pandolfi, S;Paoletti, D;Partridge, B;Pasian, F;Patanchon, G;Paykari, P;Pearson, D;Pearson, TJ;Peel, M;Peiris, HV;Perdereau, O;Perotto, L;Perrotta, F;Pettorino, V;Piacentini, F;Piat, M;Pierpaoli, E;Pietrobon, D;Plaszczynski, S;Platania, P;Pogosyan, D;Pointecouteau, E;Polenta, G;Ponthieu, N;Popa, L;Poutanen, T;Pratt, GW;Prézeau, G;Prunet, S;Puget, JL;Pullen, AR;Rachen, JP;Racine, B;Rahlin, A;Räth, C;Reach, WT;Rebolo, R;Reinecke, M;Remazeilles, M;Renault, C;Renzi, A;Riazuelo, A;Ricciardi, S;Riller, T;Ringeval, C;Ristorcelli, I;Robbers, G;Rocha, G;Roman, M;Rosset, C;Rossetti, M;Roudier, G;Rowan-Robinson, M;Rubiño-Martín, JA;Ruiz-Granados, B;Rusholme, B;Salerno, E;Sandri, M;Sanselme, L;Santos, D;Savelainen, M;Savini, G;Schaefer, BM;Schiavon, F;Scott, D;Seiffert, MD;Serra, P;Shellard, EPS;Smith, K;Smoot, GF;Souradeep, T;Spencer, LD;Starck, JL;Stolyarov, V;Stompor, R;Sudiwala, R;Sunyaev, R;Sureau, F;Sutter, P;Sutton, D;Suur-Uski, AS;Sygnet, JF;Tauber, JA;Tavagnacco, D;Taylor, D;Terenzi, L;Texier, D;Toffolatti, L;Tomasi, M;Torre, JP;Tristram, M;Tucci, M;Tuovinen, J;Türler, M;Tuttlebee, M;Umana, G;Valenziano, L;Valiviita, J;Tent, BV;Varis, J;Vibert, L;Viel, M;Vielva, P;Villa, F;Vittorio, N;Wade, LA;Wandelt, BD;Watson, C;Watson, R;Wehus, IK;Welikala, N;Weller, J;White, M;White, SDM;Wilkinson, A;Winkel, B;Xia, JQ;Yvon, D;Zacchei, A;Zibin, JP;Zonca, A
The ESA's Planck satellite, dedicated to studying the early Universe and its subsequent evolution, was launched 14 May 2009 and has been scanning the microwave and submillimetre sky continuously since 12 August 2009. This paper gives an overview of t...
We set out to determine the ratio, qIR, of rest-frame 8-1000-μm flux, SIR, to monochromatic radio flux, S 1.4 GHz, for galaxies selected at far-infrared (IR) and radio wavelengths, to search for signs that the ratio evolves with redshift, luminosity ...
Bartlett, J.G.;Cardoso, J.-F.;Delabrouille, J.;Ganga, K.;Giraud-Héraud, Y.;Piat, M.;Remazeilles, M.;Rosset, C.;Roudier, G.;Lähteenmäki, A.;Kunz, M.;Natoli, P.;Polenta, G.;Mandolesi, N.;Kalberla, P.;Kerp, J.;Winkel, B.;Ashdown, M.;Hobson, M.;Lasenby, A.;Chiang, H.C.;Kneissl, R.;Bond, J.R.;Martin, P.G.;Miville-Deschênes, M.-A.;Banday, A.J.;Bernard, J.-P.;Bielewicz, P.;Forni, O.;Giard, M.;Jaffe, T.R.;Montier, L.;Pointecouteau, E.;Ristorcelli, I.;Doré, O.;Helou, G.;Hildebrandt, S.R.;Rocha, G.;Hernández-Monteagudo, C.;Keskitalo, R.;Rebolo, R.;Chamballu, A.;Yvon, D.;Hornstrup, Allan;Linden-Vørnle, Michael;Oxborrow, Carol Anne;Tucci, M.;Joncas, G.;Toffolatti, L.;Rachen, J.P.;Colombo, L.P.L.;Pierpaoli, E.;Benoit-Lévy, A.;Huffenberger, K.M.;Juvela, M.;Keihänen, E.;Kurki-Suonio, H.;Suur-Uski, A.-S.;Valiviita, J.;Jones, W.C.;Lubin, P.M.;Zonca, A.;Wandelt, B.D.;Liguori, M.;Matarrese, S.;Burigana, C.;De Bernardis, P.;Masi, S.;Melchiorri, A.;Nati, F.;Pagano, L.;Piacentini, F.;Bersanelli, M.;Maino, D.;Mennella, A.;Gregorio, A.;Mazzotta, P.;Christensen, P.R.;Naselsky, P.;Dupac, X.;Leonardi, R.;Mendes, L.;Tauber, J.A.;Umana, G.;De Zotti, G.;Frailis, M.;Galeotta, S.;Maris, M.;Pasian, F.;Zacchei, A.;Massardi, M.;Cuttaia, F.;De Rosa, A.;Finelli, F.;Franceschi, E.;Gruppuso, A.;Morgante, G.;Paoletti, D.;Ricciardi, S.;Sandri, M.;Terenzi, L.;Valenziano, L.;Villa, F.;Donzelli, S.;Tomasi, M.;Désert, F.-X.;Ponthieu, N.;Mitra, Susanta;Clements, D.L.;Jaffe, A.H.;Mortlock, D.;Novikov, D.;Rusholme, B.;Dole, H.;Abergel, A.;Aghanim, N.;Alves, M.I.R.;Aniano, G.;Aumont, J.;Boulanger, F.;Douspis, M.;Ghosh, T.;Guillet, V.;Jones, A.;Lagache, G.;Pajot, F.;Puget, J.-L.;Verstraete, L.;Benabed, K.;Bouchet, F.R.;Colombi, S.;Hivon, E.;Moneti, A.;Prunet, S.;Sygnet, J.-F.;Popa, L.;Efstathiou, G.;Harrison, D.;Migliaccio, M.;Sutton, D.;Eriksen, H.K.;Hansen, F.K.;Lilje, P.B.;Barreiro, R.B.;Diego, J.M.;González-Nuevo, J.;Herranz, D.;López-Caniego, M.;Martínez-González, E.;Vielva, P.;Crill, B.P.;Górski, K.M.;Holmes, W.A.;Lawrence, C.R.;Pietrobon, D.;Wade, L.A.;Bonaldi, A.;Davis, R.J.;Dickinson, C.;Maffei, B.;Noviello, F.;Couchot, F.;Henrot-Versillé, S.;Perdereau, O.;Plaszczynski, S.;Tristram, M.;Catalano, A.;Falgarone, E.;Lamarre, J.-M.;Levrier, F.;Arnaud, M.;Bobin, J.;Marshall, D.J.;Pratt, G.W.;Starck, J.-L.;Sureau, F.;Macías-Pérez, J.F.;Perotto, L.;Renault, C.;Van Tent, B.;Kisner, T.S.;Enßlin, T.A.;Hovest, W.;Knoche, J.;Reinecke, M.;Riller, T.;Murphy, J.A.;Novikov, I.;Savini, G.;Baccigalupi, C.;Danese, L.;Perrotta, F.;Ade, P.A.R.;Munshi, D.;Spencer, L.D.;Reach, W.T.;Battaner, E.
The dust-Hi correlation is used to characterize the emission properties of dust in the diffuse interstellar medium (ISM) from far infrared wavelengths to microwave frequencies. The field of this investigation encompasses the part of the southern sky ...
Bartlett, J.G.;Cardoso, J.-F.;Delabrouille, J.;Ganga, K.;Giraud-Héraud, Y.;Piat, M.;Remazeilles, M.;Rosset, C.;Roudier, G.;Lähteenmäki, A.;Kunz, M.;Natoli, P.;Polenta, G.;Mandolesi, N.;Ashdown, M.;Hobson, M.;Lasenby, A.;Chiang, H.C.;Kneissl, R.;Bond, J.R.;Martin, P.G.;Miville-Deschênes, M.-A.;Banday, A.J.;Bernard, J.-P.;Bielewicz, P.;Forni, O.;Giard, M.;Jaffe, T.R.;Montier, L.;Pointecouteau, E.;Ristorcelli, I.;Doré, O.;Hildebrandt, S.R.;Rocha, G.;Hernández-Monteagudo, C.;Keskitalo, R.;Rebolo, R.;Chamballu, A.;Yvon, D.;Hornstrup, Allan;Linden-Vørnle, Michael;Oxborrow, Carol Anne;Pettorino, V.;Tucci, M.;Toffolatti, L.;Rachen, J.P.;Colombo, L.P.L.;Pierpaoli, E.;Benoit-Lévy, A.;Liddle, A.;Huffenberger, K.M.;Juvela, M.;Keihänen, E.;Kurki-Suonio, H.;Savelainen, M.;Suur-Uski, A.-S.;Valiviita, J.;Jones, W.C.;White, M.;Knox, L.;Lubin, P.M.;Zonca, A.;Wandelt, B.D.;Liguori, M.;Matarrese, S.;Burigana, C.;De Bernardis, P.;Masi, S.;Melchiorri, A.;Nati, F.;Pagano, L.;Piacentini, F.;Bersanelli, M.;Maino, D.;Mennella, A.;Tomasi, M.;Gregorio, A.;Mazzotta, P.;Christensen, P.R.;Naselsky, P.;Rubiño-Martín, J.A.;Dupac, X.;Leonardi, R.;Mendes, L.;Tauber, J.A.;Umana, G.;De Zotti, G.;Frailis, M.;Galeotta, S.;Maris, M.;Pasian, F.;Zacchei, A.;Massardi, M.;Cuttaia, F.;De Rosa, A.;Finelli, F.;Franceschi, E.;Gruppuso, A.;Morgante, G.;Paoletti, D.;Ricciardi, S.;Sandri, M.;Terenzi, L.;Valenziano, L.;Villa, F.;Donzelli, S.;Mitra, S.;Clements, D.L.;Jaffe, A.H.;Novikov, D.;Rusholme, B.;Dole, H.;Aghanim, N.;Aumont, J.;Douspis, M.;Lagache, G.;Pajot, F.;Puget, J.-L.;Benabed, K.;Bouchet, F.R.;Colombi, S.;Galli, S.;Hivon, E.;Moneti, A.;Sygnet, J.-F.;Popa, L.;Harrison, D.L.;Migliaccio, M.;Sutton, D.;Eriksen, H.K.;Hansen, F.K.;Lilje, P.B.;Barreiro, R.B.;Diego, J.M.;González-Nuevo, J.;Herranz, D.;López-Caniego, M.;Martínez-González, E.;Vielva, P.;Górski, K.M.;Holmes, W.A.;Lawrence, C.R.;Pietrobon, D.;Wade, L.A.;Bonaldi, A.;Davies, R.D.;Davis, R.J.;Dickinson, C.;Maffei, B.;Noviello, F.;Couchot, F.;Henrot-Versillé, S.;Perdereau, O.;Plaszczynski, S.;Rouillé D'orfeuil, B.;Spinelli, M.;Tristram, M.;Catalano, A.;Lamarre, J.-M.;Arnaud, M.;Bobin, J.;Pratt, G.W.;Starck, J.-L.;Sureau, F.;Macías-Pérez, J.F.;Perotto, L.;Renault, C.;Van Tent, B.;Kisner, T.S.;Enßlin, T.A.;Hovest, W.;Knoche, J.;Reinecke, M.;Riller, T.;Murphy, J.A.;Novikov, I.;Savini, G.;Baccigalupi, C.;Danese, L.;Perrotta, F.;Ade, P.A.R.;Munshi, D.;Spencer, L.D.;Battaner, E.
We explore the 2013 Planck likelihood function with a high-precision multi-dimensional minimizer (Minuit). This allows a refinement of the CDM best-fit solution with respect to previously-released results, and the construction of frequentist confiden...
Ade, P. A. R.;Aghanim, N.;Alves, Marie-Helene;Arnaud, M.;Ashdown, M.;Atrio-Barandela, F.;Aumont, J.;Baccigalupi, C.;Banday, A. J.;Barreiro, R. B.;Bartlett, J. G.;Battaner, E.;Benabed, K.;Benoit-Levy, A.;Bernard, J. -P.;Bersanelli, M.;Bielewicz, P.;Bobin, J.;Bonaldi, A.;Bond, J. R.;Borrill, J.;Bouchet, F. R.;Boulanger, F.;Bucher, M.;Burigana, C.;Butler, R. C.;Cardoso, J. -F.;Catalano, A.;Chamballu, A.;Chiang, H. C.;Chiang, L. -Y.;Christensen, P. R.;Clements, D. L.;Colombi, S.;Colombo, L. P. L.;Couchot, F.;Crill, B. P.;Curto, A.;Cuttaia, F.;Danese, L.;Davies, R. D.;Davis, R. J.;de Bernardis, P.;de Rosa, A.;de Zotti, G.;Delabrouille, J.;Dickinson, C.;Diego, J. M.;Dole, H.;Donzelli, S.;Dore, O.;Douspis, M.;Dupac, X.;Ensslin, T. A.;Eriksen, H. K.;Falgarone, E.;Finelli, F.;Forni, O.;Frailis, M.;Franceschi, E.;Galeotta, S.;Ganga, K.;Ghosh, T.;Giard, M.;Giardino, G.;Gonzalez-Nuevo, J.;Gorski, K. M.;Gregorio, A.;Gruppuso, A.;Hansen, F. K.;Harrison, D.;Hernandez-Monteagudo, C.;Herranz, D.;Hildebrandt, S. R.;Hivon, E.;Holmes, W. A.;Hornstrup, Allan;Hovest, W.;Jaffe, A. H.;Jones, W. C.;Juvela, M.;Keihanen, E.;Keskitalo, R.;Kisner, T. S.;Kneissl, R.;Knoche, J.;Kunz, M.;Kurki-Suonio, H.;Lagache, G.;Lahteenmaki, A.;Lamarre, J. -M.;Lasenby, A.;Laureijs, R. J.;Lawrence, C. R.;Leonardi, R.;Levrier, F.;Liguori, M.;Lilje, P. B.;Linden-Vørnle, Michael;Lopez-Caniego, M.;Macias-Perez, J. F.;Maffei, B.;Maino, D.;Mandolesi, N.;Maris, M.;Marshall, D. J.;Martin, P. G.;Martinez-Gonzalez, E.;Masi, S.;Matarrese, S.;Mazzotta, P.;Melchiorri, A.;Mendes, L.;Mennella, A.;Migliaccio, M.;Mitra, S.;Miville-Deschenes, M. -A.;Moneti, A.;Montier, L.;Morgante, G.;Mortlock, D.;Munshi, D.;Murphy, J. A.;Naselsky, P.;Nati, F.;Natoli, P.;Nørgaard-Nielsen, Hans Ulrik;Noviello, F.;Novikov, D.;Novikov, I.;Oxborrow, Carol Anne;Pagano, L.;Pajot, Fernand;Paladini, R.;Paoletti, D.;Pasian, F.;Patanchon, G.;Peel, M.;Perdereau, O.;Perrotta, F.;Piacentini, F.;Piat, M.;Pierpaoli, E.;Pietrobon, D.;Plaszczynski, S.;Pointecouteau, E.;Polenta, G.;Ponthieu, N.;Popa, L.;Pratt, G. W.;Prunet, S.;Puget, J. -L.;Rachen, J. P.;Reach, W. T.;Rebolo, R.;Reinecke, M.;Remazeilles, M.;Renault, C.;Ricciardi, S.;Riller, T.;Ristorcelli, I.;Rocha, G.;Rosset, C.;Rubino-Martin, J. A.;Rusholme, B.;Sandri, M.;Savini, G.;Scott, D.;Spencer, L. D.;Starck, J. -L.;Stolyarov, V.;Sureau, F.;Sutton, D.;Suur-Uski, A. -S.;Sygnet, J. -F.;Tauber, J. A.;Tavagnacco, D.;Terenzi, L.;Toffolatti, L.;Tomasi, M.;Tristram, M.;Tucci, M.;Valenziano, L.;Valiviita, J.;Van Tent, B.;Verstraete, L.;Vielva, P.;Villa, F.;Vittorio, N.;Wade, L. A.;Wandelt, B. D.;Yvon, D.;Zacchei, A.;Zonca, A.;Collaboration, Planck
We use Planck HFI data combined with ancillary radio data to study the emissivity index of the interstellar dust emission in the frequency range 100-353 GHz, or 3-0.8 mm, in the Galactic plane. We analyse the region l = 20 degrees-44 degrees and vert...
Collaboration, PRISM;André, P;Baccigalupi, C;Banday, A;Barbosa, D;Barreiro, B;Bartlett, J;Bartolo, N;Battistelli, E;Battye, R;Bendo, G;Benoît, A;Bernard, JP;Bersanelli, M;Béthermin, M;Bielewicz, P;Bonaldi, A;Bouchet, FC;Boulanger, FC;Brand, J;Bucher, M;Burigana, C;Cai, ZY;Camus, P;Casas, F;Casasola, V;Castex, G;Challinor, A;Chluba, J;Chon, G;Colafrancesco, S;Comis, B;Cuttaia, F;D'Alessandro, G;Silva, AD;Davis, R;Avillez, MD;Bernardis, PD;Petris, MD;Rosa, AD;Zotti, GD;Delabrouille, J;Désert, FCX;Dickinson, C;Diego, JM;Dunkley, J;Enßlin, T;Errard, J;Falgarone, E;Ferreira, P;Ferrière, K;Finelli, F;Fletcher, A;Fosalba, P;Fuller, G;Galli, S;Ganga, K;García-Bellido, J;Ghribi, A;Giard, M;Giraud-Héraud, Y;Gonzalez-Nuevo, J;Grainge, K;Gruppuso, A;Hall, A;Hamilton, JC;Haverkorn, M;Hernandez-Monte-agudo, C;Herranz, D;Jackson, M;Jaffe, A;Khatri, R;Kunz, M;Lamagna, L;Lattanzi, M;Leahy, P;Lesgourgues, J;Liguori, M;Liuzzo, E;Lopez-Caniego, M;Macias-Perez, J;Maffei, B;Maino, D;Mangilli, A;Martinez-Gonzalez, E;Martins, C;Masi, S;Massardi, M;Matarrese, S;Melchiorri, A;Melin, JB;Mennella, A;Mignano, A;Miville-Deschênes, MA;Monfardini, A;Murphy, A;Naselsky, P;Nati, F;Natoli, P;Negrello, M;Noviello, F;O'Sullivan, C;Paci, F;Pagano, L;Paladino, R;Palanque-Delabrouille, N;Paoletti, D;Peiris, H;Perrotta, F;Piacentini, F;Piat, M;Piccirillo, L;Pisano, G;Polenta, G;Pollo, A;Ponthieu, N;Remazeilles, M;Ricciardi, S;Roman, M;Rosset, C;Rubino-Martin, JA;Salatino, M;Schillaci, A;Shellard, P;Silk, J;Starobinsky, A;Stompor, R;Sunyaev, R;Tartari, A;Terenzi, L;Toffolatti, L;Tomasi, M;Trappe, N;Tristram, M;Trombetti, T;Tucci, M;Weijgaert, RVD;Tent, BV;Verde, L;Vielva, P;Wandelt, B;Watson, R;Withington, S
PRISM (Polarized Radiation Imaging and Spectroscopy Mission) was proposed to ESA in May 2013 as a large-class mission for investigating within the framework of the ESA Cosmic Vision program a set of important scientific questions that require high re...